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Bhutan’s present travel status comes as no surprise, given that this tiny Kingdom, was zealously sequestered from the rest of the world for centuries. The door to this mythical Buddhist Kingdom was opened to limited tourism only two decades ago. Travel to Bhutan is still regulated through a policy of HIGH VOLUME, LOW IMPACT tourism and hope it will continue to be so for a long time to come.
Although Bhutan has a relatively small land mass, the wide geographical or topographical variation gives Bhutan its typical climatic characteristics and four distinct seasonal patterns. The southern plain which is close to the Indian border, has a sub tropical type of climate that has very pleasant during winter season.
The mid upper central valley has mild temperature with cooler seasonal months. The alpine in the north, has much cooler weather throughout the seasons. The four climatic seasons are Winter (December to February), Spring (March to May), Summer (June to August) and Autumn (September to November). The physical features stretch across all climatic zones from sub-tropical vegetation in the south with an altitude of 200m to 300m to moderate height of 2,000m to 2,500m in the central region. There is also a much higher alpine zone with the Himalayan ranges with glaciers perennially. These give spectacular views to visitors in Bhutan. The Bhutanese people are good natured, friendly and fun loving.
The ruggedness of the terrain and remoteness of the valley have led to the settlement and formation of many scattered communities throughout the country.
The broad classification of local dialects are: Dzongkha in south western region (also the national language of Bhutan), Khengkha or Bumpthapkha in central region, Sarchopkha in the east and Nepali in the southern part of the country. The capital city of Bhutan is THIMPHU, which is located at north western part of the country, where all the Ministerial organisations and UN House are based. Although the state religion of the Kingdom is Mahayana Buddhism, people in the eastern part of the country follow Nyingmapa sect of Buddhism. The Karmapa sect is widely practiced in the western region. The Nepalese or Lhotshampas (southern Bhutanese) in the southern foothills of the country are predominantly Hindus.
The natural environment is mostly undisturbed and in pristine form today. With a national goal of maintaining 60% of the country under forest cover at all times to come, the scope for Bhutan’s rich biodiversity is very secure. Currently, about 70% of the country is under forest cover and 26% as protected areas, (National Parks and Biological Corridors), enabling harmonious existence of the Eco-system.
To travel to Bhutan, all visitors should contact to the registered tour operators in the Kingdom or their counterparts abroad for travel arrangement and visa. Our Company, BhutanTravelogue – Tours and Treks will take care of the guests once they are in the the country.
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